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Responsible Business Practices
Environmental Health

Climate Resilience

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We believe industry has an important role to play in responding to climate change by implementing voluntary reductions of the greenhouse gases (GHGs) within their control. We have made strong progress in transitioning to renewable electricity, achieving over 50% globally in 2020 as we strive toward 100% over the next five years. Additionally, we expect to make further investments in energy efficiency across our operations and are evaluating alternative fuel sources and fleet vehicle choices.

We have several renewable energy initiatives underway at Johnson & Johnson facilities across the globe:

Renewable Electricity Use Across Regions*
Global: 54%
Europe: 82%
North America: 72%

* Percentage of electricity used by Johnson & Johnson that is generated from renewable sources. Europe includes Belgium, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Sweden, and Switzerland. North America includes United States and Canada only.
Metric has been assured by ERM CVS. See independent assurance statement by ERM CVS.

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On-site Clean/Renewable Energy Capacity, by type

Globally, our on-site clean/renewable energy technology capacity in 2020 was 61.4 MW.
Johnson & Johnson is a founding member of the Renewable Energy Buyers Alliance (REBA), an association for large-scale energy buyers working toward the creation of a resilient, zero-carbon energy system across the United States.

Johnson & Johnson supported climate action as a signatory of the America Is All In pledge, launched in 2020 on the five-year anniversary of the Paris Climate Agreement as a call to action for the incoming Biden-Harris Administration to support national mobilization on climate and recovery.

In 2020, we made progress in achieving energy efficiency and GHG emission reductions. Examples include:

Green electricity: In 2020, we signed a green tariff electricity contract for our operations in the Philippines, which went into effect in October 2020. Through this contract, our electricity supplier matches Johnson & Johnson’s electricity consumption from the grid with renewable electricity produced or purchased from renewable sources within the same market. This follows our signature of renewable Power Purchase Agreements (PPAs) in 2019 for our operations in Belgium, Ireland, Mexico and the Netherlands, as well as green tariff electricity contracts in Germany, Greece and Japan, all of which took effect in 2019 or early 2020.

CDP Disclosure Insight Actin Climate Stamp 2020
For the third consecutive year, Johnson & Johnson was recognized with a CDP A List rating for our leadership in climate action.

Capital expenditure for energy efficiency: Energy efficiency programs at our most energy-intensive manufacturing and R&D sites are allocated up to $40 million per year in capital relief through our CO2 Capital Relief Program for energy projects that demonstrate potential CO2 savings and a financial return of at least 15%.

CO2 Capital Relief Program Overview (2005 – 2020)*

projects approved
projects completed
total spent on completed projects
annual energy cost savings
2,345 TJ
annual energy savings
298,905 MT CO2
annual GHG emissions avoided

* Results from completed projects. Based on fuel and electricity reduction calculations. Avoidance of energy consumption and GHG emissions calculated by comparing energy consumption before project implementation and expected consumption after implementation using engineering estimates at the time the projects are approved.

Geothermal energy expansion: We continue to expand our use of geothermal energy to provide substantial reductions in GHG emissions. In Belgium, we completed drilling of two geothermal energy wells at our Janssen Beerse campus. When completed, it is anticipated that the renewable sourced hot water will significantly reduce the site’s CO2 emissions. At our Ethicon campus in Cincinnati, U.S., we commenced installation of a closed-loop, geothermal system to provide heating and cooling for half of the campus, with the capacity to serve the entire 45-acre campus in future. The geothermal system replaces two large natural gas steam boilers, saves millions of gallons of water per year, and reduces natural gas consumption and corresponding GHG emissions significantly.

Solar energy expansion: We installed a solar photovoltaic power system capable of generating 2,000 MWh per year at the São José dos Campos Campus in Brazil. This is Johnson & Johnson's first photovoltaic system in South America. At Janssen's facility in Xi'an, China, we completed a 1 MW carport plus ground mount solar installation where the solar panels also serve as a covered roof for parked employee vehicles and include charging stations for electric bicycles.

Green building: We continue to pursue LEED (Leadership in Energy & Environmental Design) certification across our facilities. For example, in 2020, we received LEED Gold certification for our laboratory building on our Beerse, Belgium campus, making it the first LEED Gold-certified analytical laboratory in Belgium. Additionally, we achieved LEED Gold certification for two facilities in China, a manufacturing site for medical devices in Suzhou and a state-of-the-art pharmaceuticals plant in Xi’an. Environmental features of these sites include local plants for landscaping, reserved parking spaces for low-emitting vehicles and dimmable lighting fixtures in meeting and training rooms to minimize energy consumption.

Our LEED Gold certified Xi’an, China, Janssen facility with a 1 MW solar  array installed in 2020.
Our LEED Gold-certified Xi’an, China, Janssen facility with a 1 MW solar array installed in 2020.
6 Johnson & Johnson buildings were newly LEED-certified in 2020, bringing the total number of LEED-certified buildings to 60. In total, 8.7 million square feet—or 14.5% of our built space—was LEED-certified by the end of the year.
In 2020, Johnson & Johnson received the EPA SmartWay Excellence Award for outstanding environmental performance and climate-efficient transportation.

More than 99% of Johnson & Johnson freight in North America is transported with SmartWay-registered carriers with a strong record of fuel efficiency and GHG reduction.

Energy Use1 

Energy Use1 

2020 2019 2018
Total energy use (TJ) 11,954 12,702 13,208
From renewable sources 3,483 2,118 2,246
From non-renewable sources 8,471 10,584 10,962
Energy intensity ratio (TJ/billion USD)2 145 155 162
Percentage change in energy intensity compared to 2010 baseline (TJ/billion USD)2 (33)% (29)% (24)%

Purchased Energy Use by Type (TJ)1

Purchased Energy Use by Type (TJ)1

2020 2019 2018
Electricity 5,922 6,421 6,583
Natural gas 4,412 4,808 5,020
Diesel 613 465 592
Direct heating/cooling 265 274 180
Propane 53 51 90
Biogas 28 26 28
Fuel oil 13 15 15
Total purchased energy 11,306 12,059 12,507

On-Site Generated Energy Use by Type (TJ)1 

On-Site Generated Energy Use by Type (TJ)1 

2020 2019 2018
Co-generation 418 439 525
Wind 129 97 78
Solar PV 73 78 56
Geothermal 18 6 18
Fuel cell 7 22 23
Biomass 2 2 2
Total on-site generated energy 647 643 701

Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions3 

Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions3 

2020 2019 2018
Scope 1 GHG emissions, total (MT CO2e)3 363,924 415,094+ 452,407+
Scope 1 GHG emissions, by source (MT CO2e)3
Facilities1 269,329 278,717 308,200
Sales fleet14 76,720 114,681 122,194
Refrigerants15 14,139 12,979 12,298
Aviation 3,736 8,717 9,715
Scope 2 GHG emissions, facilities
(MT CO2e)1, 3
Location-based 641,489 648,598+ 681,416+
Market-based4 383,745 518,542+ 583,361+
Scope 3 GHG emissions, by source
(MT CO2e)3, 13
Purchased goods and services6 9,437,330 9,229,943+
Upstream transportation and distribution6 2,043,109 2,201,590+ 2,039,872+
Business travel5, 6 303,249 601,637+ 768,392+
Employee commuting7 131,128 267,881 351,260

Capital goods5 271,206 281,092+ 271,422+
Fuel- and energy-related activities8 183,087 190,386+ 203,498+
Upstream leased assets9 28,969 39,830+ 39,981+
Waste generated in operations10 8,065 3,618+ 3,702+
Downstream transportation and distribution11 Available 12/2021 58,184+ 65,447+
Use of sold products12
     Direct 108,165 168,612 78,051
    Indirect 7,635,771 7,248,612 6,894,347
 End of life treatment of sold products12 223,038 209,994 222,404
GHG emissions intensity ratio (Scope 1 and Scope 2) per revenue (MT CO2e/million USD) 9 12 13
Percentage decrease in GHG emissions intensity (Scope 1 and Scope 2) per revenue compared to 2010 baseline (MT CO2e /million USD) 59% 46% 43%

Air Emissions by Category 

Air Emissions by Category 

2020 2019 2018
Hazardous air pollutant (HAP) emissions (MT) 34.62 39.98 30.25
Volatile organic compound (VOC)
emissions (MT)
366.08 394.07 414.05
Particulate matter (PM) emissions (MT) 89.20 116.56 247.14
Refrigerant emissions (MT) 9.58 8.01 7.85
Ozone depleting substances emissions (MT) 1.86 1.11 1.53
Sulfur oxide (SOx) emissions (MT) 65 51+ 64+
Mono-nitrogen oxides (NOx) emissions (MT)16 45 35+ 46+
‡ Metric has been assured by ERM CVS. See independent assurance statement by ERM CVS.
+ See ERM CVS's independent assurance statements in 2019 and 2018 Health for Humanity Reports.
1 Includes site-specific data from all Johnson & Johnson-owned and -leased sites over 50,000 square feet where Johnson & Johnson has operational control, as well as manufacturing and R&D sites under 50,000 square feet, unless otherwise noted.
2 Our diverse product portfolio makes it difficult to track an organization-specific metric; therefore we use revenue as a denominator for energy intensity. Energy intensity ratio includes electricity, stationary fuels and district heating and cooling.
3 In accordance with guidance from World Resources Institute Corporate Accounting and Reporting Standard, we restated the 2018 and 2019 values to reflect newly released electricity grid emission factors as well as addition or removal of acquisitions and divestitures. This threshold for restatement deviates from the one included in the About this Report section. We do not currently use purchases, sales or transfers of offsets in our GHG accounting. Gases covered in these calculations include CO2, CH4, N2O, and HFCs. Perfluorinated chemicals, sulfur hexafluoride and nitrogen trifluoride do not result from our operations. Biogenic CO2 Emissions in 2020 were 1,565 MT CO2. Electricity emission factors are obtained from the International Energy Agency’s CO2 Emissions from Fuel Combustion Report and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's eGRID publication for location-based Scope 2 reporting, and from supply contracts and residual emission factors, where available, for market-based Scope 2 reporting. Fuel emission factors are obtained from the EPA Climate Leadership publication. Global Warming Potentials are obtained from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Fifth Assessment Report. The chosen consolidation approach for emissions is operational control.
4 We did not report Scope 2 emissions using the market-based method prior to 2017. Starting from 2017, we have reported Scope 2 emissions using both location-based and market-based methods, based on the latest Scope 2 guidance from the World Resources Institute in the Corporate Accounting and Reporting Standard.
5 Emissions were calculated using Company spend in the reporting year paired with appropriate economic input/output (IO) emission factors from the Carnegie Mellon 2002 dataset. Where more specific primary data were able to be obtained, they were used in place of the IO calculation methodology.
6 Business travel emissions from personal vehicle travel reflect CO2 only.
7 Data from a 2019 survey of a sample of employees in all regions, extrapolated for all employees globally, were used to estimate average employee commuting emissions intensity per employee. This value, in conjunction with representative 2020 occupancy data estimates, was used to calculate emissions from Employee Commuting. It should be noted that due to the assumptions that were made, Johnson & Johnson did not receive third-party limited assurance for this scope, but will work to improve these assumptions in the coming years.
8 Emissions from fuel-and energy-related activities were calculated for emissions from transmission and distribution (T&D) losses from purchased electricity, well-to-tank (WTT) emissions from purchased electricity, WTT emissions from T&D losses, and WTT emissions from purchased fuels. Emissions were calculated using IEA loss factors for electricity and DEFRA WTT emission factors for fuels and electricity. Due to an update in calculation methodology, 2018 and 2019 figures are restated.
9 Emissions from Upstream Leased Assets were calculated by applying the energy intensity from office locations in our Scope 1 and 2 footprint to the building area of leased assets less than 50,000 SqFt, or those greater than 50,000 SqFt outside of our operational control which are excluded from Scope 1 and 2 reporting.
10 Emissions from Waste Generated in Operations were calculated for both non-hazardous and hazardous waste from manufacturing and R&D operations using DEFRA's emissions factors for waste. Previously, only non-hazardous waste emissions were reported.
11 Emissions from Downstream Transportation and Distribution were calculated using the U.S. EPA’s SmartWay Program, and are provided for U.S. shippers only. Greenhouse gases covered in these calculations include CO2 only for the 2019 calendar year, the most up-to-date available, and 2020 data will be available in December of 2021. We have identified a level of uncertainty around the reporting boundary, and the reported value is potentially overstated.
12 Emissions from the Use of Sold Products and the End-of-Life Treatment of Sold Products were calculated using sales volumes for all Johnson & Johnson products combined with lifecycle assessment (LCA) models where sales volumes could be obtained; where they could not be obtained, sales revenues and average unit prices were used to estimate volumes. Due to the size of our product portfolio, LCAs were not performed for every Johnson & Johnson product, so products were placed into LCA categories and a representative product LCA was applied. It should be noted that due to the assumptions that were made, Johnson & Johnson did not receive third-party limited assurance for these scopes, but will work to improve these assumptions in the coming years.
13 Emissions from the Processing of Sold Products, Downstream Leased Assets, Franchises, and Investments are not applicable to Johnson & Johnson operations.
14 Greenhouse gases covered in these calculations include CO2 only.
15 Includes site-specific data from all Johnson & Johnson manufacturing and R&D sites only.
16 Due to a unit conversion error, 2018 and 2019 figures are restated. The previous emissions data in 2018 and 2019 Health for Humanity Reports were historically assured and the restatement calculations have been reviewed as part of this year’s assurance engagement.

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